"The Berlin Wall, which for decades had divided not just a city but a country, and all of Europe, fell in November 1989, and history accelerated its march. Such moments test the responsibility and wisdom of statesmen.
We drew a final line under the Cold War. Our goal was a new Europe: a Europe without dividing lines. The leaders who succeeded us have failed to achieve that goal. A modern security architecture, a strong mechanism for preventing and resolving conflicts have not been created in Europe. Hence the painful problems and conflicts that beset our continent today. I urge world leaders to face up to those problems and resume dialogue for the sake of the future."
Mikhail Gorbachev, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, and the one and only President of the Soviet Union.
Shirin Ebadi was Iran’s first woman judge, but also the first woman muslim peace prize laureate. .
Dismissed from her post as judge in 1979 after Khomeini’s revolution, she later opened a private law practice and served as defence council for dissidents. In 2000, she herself was arrested because of her criticism of the regime. Ebadi joined the campaign for fundamental human rights, and women’s and children’s rights in particular. She helped to found organizations that put these issues on the agenda and wrote books suggesting changes to Iranian inheritance and divorce legislation. She also advocated taking political power out of the hands of the clergy and separating religion and state. .
The Norwegian Nobel Committee’s decision to honour Ebadi reflected a desire to ease tensions between the Islamic world and the West after the terrorist attack on the USA on 11 September 2001.
When Abiy Ahmed Ali became Ethiopia’s prime minister in 2018, his first priority was to work for peace with neighbouring Eritrea. By that point, Ethiopia and Eritrea had been in a state of conflict for 20 years. In June 2018, Abiy Ahmed made a decision that paved the way for peace – he was willing to hand the disputed border city of Badme to Eritrea. In July, he met the president of Eritrea and they signed an agreement that would form the basis for peace between the two countries. In awarding the Nobel Peace Prize to Abiy Ahmed Ali, the Norwegian Nobel Committee said that it: “hopes the peace agreement will help to bring about positive change for the entire populations of Ethiopia and Eritrea.”
You can learn more about the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize laureate at the Nobel Peace Center.
Photo: Johannes Granseth / Nobel Peace Center
By 2008, disarmament was a key theme for @barackobama’s election campaign: “America seeks a world without nuclear weapons” was his clear message. As president he launched an international strategy to reduce, and eventually eradicate, all nuclear weapons. His attempt to resume a dialogue on nuclear weapons with #Iran is also considered important. In a comment on the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize, former laureate and Director General of the @IAEAorg, Mohamed ElBaradei, emphazised the significance of such dialogue and said: “I can think of nobody who is more deserving!”
The Nobel Peace Center is the museum about the Nobel Peace Prize. We present the Peace Prize laureates and their work, and tell the story of Alfred Nobel and the Peace Prize. We also acts as an arena for debate about important social issues. Through permanent and temporary exhibitions, guided tours, school programs and various events and family activities, we wish to foster reflection and engagement on topics related to war, peace and conflict resolution. You can learn more about us by visiting our website or follow us on social media. Peace out!
Photo: Johannes Granseth / Nobel Peace Center
Happy #UnitedNationsDay! It marks the birthday of the founding Charter. UN Day marks the anniversary of the entry into force in 1945 of the UN Charter. With the ratification of this founding document by the majority of its signatories, including the five permanent members of the Security Council, the United Nations officially came into being.
In 2001, the Norwegian Nobel Committee divided the Nobel Peace Prize between the @unitednations and UN Sec.Gen.l @KofiAnnan. Its decision reflected a long-time practice of supporting organized cooperation between nations. .
Earlier this year, @Snohetta designed a peace bench for the Nobel Peace Center - A tool for peaceful dialogue, it invites to sit down and talk. The bench, constructed by @vestre_furniture and aluminum provided by @norskhydroasa, was unveiled outside the UN Headquarters in New York this summer.
"United Nations Day highlights the enduring ideals of the Charter, which entered into force on this date 74 years ago. Amid stormy global seas, the Charter remains our shared moral anchor." — UN Secretary-General @antonioguterres.
On October 21, 1833 a baby boy was born to a family in Stockholm, Sweden who was to become a famous scientist, inventor, businessman and founder of the Nobel Prizes. His father was Immanuel Nobel and his mother was Andriette Ahlsell Nobel. They named their son Alfred.
At the age of 17, Alfred could speak and write in Swedish, Russian, French, English and German. He was most interested in literature, chemistry and physics. His father wanted his sons to follow in his footsteps and was not pleased with Alfred’s interest in poetry. He decided to send the young man abroad to study and become a chemical engineer. .
He became very interested in nitroglycerine and how it could be used in construction work. Alfred found, through his experiments, that mixing nitroglycerine with a fine sand called kieselguhr would turn the liquid into paste which could be shaped into rods. These rods could then be inserted into drilling holes. The invention was made in 1866. Alfred got a patent or legal right of ownership on this material the next year. He named it “dynamite.”
The award-winning photographer @finbarroreilly is this years’ Nobel Peace Prize photographer. In cooperation with the Nobel Peace Center, he will make the exhibition about Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed.
Friday 11 October at 11 am it was announced that the Nobel Peace Prize for 2019 will be awarded to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. At the same time, the Nobel Peace Center started its work with the Nobel Peace Prize exhibition 2019. Every year, a new, internationally renowned photographer is behind the photos in the exhibition. This year, the Nobel Peace Center has chosen the British-Canadian photographer Finbarr O’Reilly. He will be travelling to Ethiopia shortly to meet the Nobel Peace Prize laureate and create a portrait of him and the country he is leading.
"I've lived and worked across Africa for the past twenty years, often covering long-running conflicts, political instability, and unrest. It's an honor to now collaborate with the Nobel Peace Center to create an exhibition reflecting an historical moment of optimism and hope for Ethiopia, and for the region more broadly”, said Finbarr O’Reilly. .
Photo: Giles Duley